René Girard, Ph.D.
René Girard is a member of the French Academy and emeritus professor of French Language, Literature, and Civilization at Stanford University. He is also the recipient of the Modern Language Association's Lifetime Achievement Award (2008). His work has inspired scholars from many diverse fields through his theories of human desire and of the significance of violence and religion in the formation of human culture. His many influential books have been translated widely and include Deceit, Desire, and the Novel: Self and Other in Literary Structure (1965), Violence and the Sacred (1977); The Scapegoat (1986), Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World (1987), A Theatre of Envy: William Shakespeare (1991), I See Satan Fall Like Lightening (2001), Oedipus Unbound: Selected Writings on Rivalry and Desire (2004), and Battling to the End: Conversations with Benoit Chantre (2010).